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08 January, 2021

Review looks at progress helping farmers and crofters deal with sea eagle impact

Review looks at progress helping farmers and crofters deal with sea eagle impact: Sea eagle 3

Issued on behalf of the Sea Eagle National Stakeholder Panel

A review of the White-tailed Eagle Action Plan by key stakeholders has looked at the progress made and developed new recommendations to help farmers and crofters deal with the impact of sea eagles on their livestock.

These recommendations will be included in an extension to the plan over the next three years. The report is available on the NatureScot website.

From 2017, the Sea Eagle Management Scheme has involved 164 holdings, covering 156,489 hectares and 71,516 breeding ewes. The scheme budget, funded by NatureScot, has increased from £72,000 in 2015 to £225,000 in 2020.

Stakeholders have worked closely with individual farmers and crofters on ‘monitor farms’ to test different management techniques and develop a toolbox of measures, aimed at reducing the impacts sea eagles can have on hill sheep flocks. These included diversionary feeding, scaring devices and licenced manipulation of nest sites outside of the breeding season. The work had mixed results in terms of reducing impacts.

To better understand the scale of sea eagle interactions with sheep, observers spent a significant amount of time on the hill; however, there were few observations of direct interactions, as it is possible that the presence of observers, on open hillsides, deters sea eagle activity. But NatureScot has collected a significant body of circumstantial evidence through work with individual farmers and crofters which points to significant impacts in some areas.

New ideas on improving habitat to support natural prey species will be explored. The scheme may also include licenced activities to reduce serious agricultural damage in situations where all other options have been unsuccessful.

Rae McKenzie, NatureScot Policy & Operations Manager, said:

“We recognise the serious concerns that some farmers and crofters have about the impact of sea eagles on their livestock, and we’re committed to continue working closely with them to find solutions. The scheme is about finding a balance between livestock farming and wildlife and recognising the benefits that each brings to us all. This is a great example of working together, with National Farmers Union Scotland, Scottish Crofting Federation, RSPB Scotland, Forest Enterprise Scotland and others, to tackle issues faced by farmers and crofters, while also ensuring healthy populations of this spectacular species.”

Yvonne White of the Scottish Crofting Federation said: “Sea Eagle predation can have a significant financial and emotional impact on crofters. Notwithstanding, the Scottish Crofting Federation remains committed to working with NatureScot to find ways of mitigating these negative impacts.”

Chair of  NFU Scotland’s Environment and Land Use Committee, Angus MacFadyen said: “The Action Plan has made progress in its first three years but a significant number of farmers and crofters continue to see the presence of White-tailed Eagles (WTEs) have an impact on their sheep flocks.  We welcome the significant increase in funding since 2015 and collaborative work on the ground through the monitor farm trials to try and reduce the impact of WTEs on livestock but, with 164 holdings now participating in the scheme, it reflects the recorded increase in the spread and numbers of these birds. Our recent member survey revealed that, unfortunately the majority of respondents did not feel the current action plan had made a significant impact on reducing WTE predation. With the next three years of the Action plan currently being revised, NFU Scotland will be working with the partnership to ensure that Action Plan delivers on significantly reducing the losses that some farmers and crofters are suffering.”

Read the full review document at


Contact information

NatureScot Media
0131 316 2655

Notes to editors

The Sea Eagle National panel includes representatives from NatureScot, National Farmers Union of Scotland (NFUS), The Scottish Crofters Federation (SCF), Scotland’s Rural College (SRUC), Scottish Government Rural Inspections and Payments Directorate (SGRPID), Forestry and Land Scotland (FLS),The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds Scotland (RSPB Scotland) and Scottish Raptor Study Group SRSG),

NatureScot is Scotland's nature agency. We work to enhance our natural environment in Scotland and inspire everyone to care more about it. Our priority is a nature-rich future for Scotland and an effective response to the climate emergency. For more information, visit our website at or follow us on Twitter at

’S e NatureScot buidheann nàdair na h-Alba. Bidh sinn a’ neartachadh àrainneachd na h-Alba agus a’ brosnachadh dhaoine gu barrachd suim a chur ann an nàdar. Tha e mar phrìomhachas againn gum bi nàdar na h-Alba beairteach agus gun dèilig sinn gu h-èifeachdach le èiginn na gnàth-shìde. Tha an tuilleadh fiosrachaidh aig no air Twitter aig


Sea eagle 3

Sea eagle 3

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White-tailed eagle - November 2020 - credit Rae McKenzie-NatureScot

White-tailed eagle - November 2020 - credit Rae McKenzie-NatureScot

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Golden eagle ©Lorne Gill/NatureScot

Golden eagle ©Lorne Gill/NatureScot

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